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skin types pic
by Guest Beauty Expert
Sarah Rendle

Knowing what type of skin you have is your first step on the route to flawless skin. Your skincare routine should be perfectly in tune with your skin type. But remember, your skin is a living organ. Its condition will change under the influence of many factors. Regularly reassess your skin type and change your skincare routine to match it.

Factors influencing your skin type
Age: Skin type usually changes with age. Younger people tend to have oily or combination skin. As we get older, our sebaceous glands produce less sebum, resulting in drier skin.

Season: Skin is more prone to dryness during winter months and improves during the summer.

Climate: Exposure to extremely dry climates with low relative humidity can increase skin sensitivity and dryness. Dry or sensitive skin tends to improve in climates with higher relative humidity.

Environment: Exposure to cold temperatures and strong winds can dry the skin. Sun exposure can dry out oily skin, although excessive sun exposure over time will increase oiliness.

Hormone Variation: Many skin problems can be triggered or worsened by hormone variations. Stress can trigger hormonal activity, which can result in increased sebaceous gland activity. Hormonal changes which take place during puberty and pregnancy can also stimulate increased sebum production.

Skin Care: Improper skincare can exaggerate any skin condition or skin type. Excessive exfoliation or application of heavy, rich moisturisers on oily skin will stimulate oil production. Bathing or showering in excessively hot water or failure to use a good moisturiser will leave skin dry. Using skincare products that contain harsh or irritating ingredients will increase skin sensitivity. Every skin type benefits from proper skin care. Maintaining a good skincare routine will help skin achieve a balance - not too oily, not too dry.

Normal Skin:
No particular problems
Normal levels of sebum
Usually clear from blemishes and clogged pores

Dry Skin:
Reduced levels of sebum
Looks dull, flaky
Feels tight
Rough surface
Turns dry very quickly after application of skincare products
Small pores
Lines and wrinkles are accentuated

Oily Skin:
Increased levels of sebum, leading to shiny surface
Large pores, often clogged so prone to pimples
Signs of ageing - such as wrinkles and lines - are less apparent
Feels oily 15 minutes after face washing

Combination Skin:
Varying levels of sebum
Oily around the T-Zone (forehead, nose)
Dry Cheeks
Large pores on forehead and nose
Occasional blemishes and blocked pores

What damages my skin?
Your skin is under attack from many environmental influences. Here are just a few.

Sun: The sun's harmful rays can cause premature ageing of the skin, the result being dry, less supple skin, with unwanted wrinkles.

Pollution: Invisible pollution all around us can be toxic to our skin.

Illness: When we are run down and ill, our skin reflects this.

Alcohol: Alcohol can have a toxic and dehydrating effect on our skin.

Stress: Cheerfulness is an excellent beauty treatment - stress is not!

Smoking: Cigarettes are the enemy of radiant skin and a healthy body.

The Ageing Process
Who hasn't looked with envy at youthful skin? Soft and flawless - not yet damaged by the sun or affected by ageing. During this process the skin experiences:

    A decreased rate of skin cell renewal
    Weaker collagen and elastin support, which causes wrinkling
    Dryness with a rough, uneven texture
    Damage from UV and environmental exposure

But help is at hand!

"Basically, what age you are is your business, how you look and feel is mine!"

Sarah Rendle

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